Many people believed that because of the lack of unified leadership there would be problems with authority that would lead to ultimate failure but Adhemar did his job of keeping peace between the overlords.
The Crusades arose out of feudal society in the eleventh century, offering crusaders freedom adventure and a possible economic gain. Foreign spices, paper, and alternate currencies began arriving in Europe for the masses because of the strategic location along Eastern trade routes. People now wanted to participate actively and do something in honor of their god.
Nelson 1 In the Church split into eastern and western organizations and the popes wanted to heal that split. The Crusaders were facing an uphill battle in taking Crusades and pope urban essay the Turks.
Although there are no records of what he exactly said there are some ideas. Disagreements about the ratio of trading currencies arose many times during the First Crusade.
They needed more land and started to fight with each other over it, their numbers were growing because there we no longer losses in battles. The Crusaders had to march across mountains and plains under the harsh sun. The soldiers were extremely passionate about the battle; they created the symbol of a cross with any red material they could find and sewed it onto their armor.
This began the first legislation between the two countries declaring the value of French currency. He promised them everlasting life in heaven if they went.
The French believed they were unfairly being treated for the amount that their currency was being traded for. The Turks were surprised with the ferocity and dedication of the Crusaders. Because of their central location in the ancient world the Turks were very successful in trading between Asia and Eastern Europe.
The red cross became the unofficial symbol for the crusades and was worn by nearly every soldier in the army. The Turks were overconfident of their dominance in battle.
The war was called the Crusade, because the word crusade is derived from the Latin word crux which means cross.
The Pope appointed a Bishop named Adhemar to keep the overlords working together in their conquest into the East. Previously Vikings and Muslims had been attempting to invade most Western European countries and were troubling them but were soon defeated.
They had recently expanded their territory and maintained a strong military and were used to the varied conditions of Eastern Europe.
Then Pope Urban II announced a Crusade and many countries were eager to assist in his religious mission into the East. With the growth of people entering the Catholic Church many people were looking for ways to honor God.
Alexius knew he would need reinforcement so he turned to the west for help. Of these preachers the most famous and most enthusiastic was Peter the Hermit.
The aristocracy found themselves losing the importance they once had when they stood between Europe and its attacker. This alarmed the Pope and he realized that the Christians needed to control the Holy Land for themselves. They were also involved in the Investiture Controversy and were looking for allies.
Many countries benefited from the creation of the Christian State that had very close political and economic ties to Europe. When the Turks took control of Jerusalem they massacred 3, Christians that were in the city at the time and tortured all the other Christians that were left.
Columbia 1 Alexius had seen a group of western knights under the command of Count Robert of Flanders earlier and was impressed by their fighting and tried to hire about warriors.
Nelson 1 The different groups of European society contributed to the cause of the crusades.The Crusades Essay; The Crusades Essay. Words 6 Pages. Show More. The first crusade was started by Pope Urban II in the year with goals of liberating the sacred city of Jerusalem and the holy land from the Muslims.
What started as an appeal by Byzantine Emperor Alexios I Komnenos for western mercenaries to fight the Seljuk.
Pope Urban II made a speech in Clermont, France inattempting to persuade the people to have crusade to fight for the Holy Land. Throughout the Christian world there was an overwhelmingly positive response to Urban's argument/5(3). Essay on Pope Urban II Words | 6 Pages.
The age leading up to the first crusade is detailed by many current historians, as well as Pope Urban II, as a time period where inhabitants "rage[d] against [their own] brothers and cut each other [to] pieces" (Peters, Baldric of Dol, 31) for economic and social advancement.
Essay about Crusades: Crusades and holy Land McElhiney November 11, In the launch of the crusades took place in Clermont, France at what is known as the Council of Clermont. It was here that Pope Urban II addressed a large group of warriors from Europe to recapture Holy Land from the Muslims.
The Crusades Essay. The first crusade was started by Pope Urban II in the year with goals of liberating the sacred city of Jerusalem and the holy land from the Muslims.
According to pope urban II, Christians who fought in the crusades that would die by land, sea, or in combat would get immediate forgiveness of sins. People were encouraged to go fight in the east and get back the Holy land that was being conquered by the Muslims.Download