Face meaning "prestige" is technically a "loan synonym" owing to semantic overlap between the native English meaning "outward semblance; effrontery" and the borrowed Chinese meaning "prestige; dignity". Wil comes home to discover her mother has been kicked out by her grandfather for being pregnant out of wedlock, bringing shame to the family.
The Oxford English Dictionary 2nd ed. From then on, Gao lives with Wil. Previous writers on face have treated losing face and gaining face simply as if they were opposite outcomes in a social encounter and have thus failed to notice the basic difference between two social processes that are involved.
It is both a prerogative and an implicit obligation for the socially prominent to be particular about. This invisible face "prestige; status" loan is, Chan and Kwok It is built up through initial high position, wealth, power, ability, through cleverly establishing social ties to a number of prominent people, as well as through avoidance of acts that would cause unfavorable comment.
However, we may continue to use these terms in the senses that Hu has defined. Wil congratulates Vivian and gives her encouragement to accept the offer. The lose verb in lose face means "fail to maintain" cf.
Vivian reveals the fact that they had met once before when they were children; Vivian kissed Wil on the nose after Wil rescued her from bullies; Wil ran away afterwards.
Three months later, Wil goes to another party at Planet China, and Gao is now a couple with the father of her child. Vivian reveals to Wil that she was accepted into a prestigious ballet program in Paris and is considering the offer.
For the earliest usage examples, the OED gives the following. Medieval Slavic documents have shown that the word has been used with various meanings, such as form, image, character, person, symbol, face, figure, statue, idol, guise and mask.
The aptness of the figurative extension has probably also played a part In the first instance, while it is meaningful to speak of both losing and gaining mien-tzu it is meaningful to speak only of losing lien. It is revealed later that her mother knows of her homosexuality, but is in denial of it.
A few are calques where a borrowing is blended with native elements e. White-facedness meaning "proud" opposite of Ro seyahi are used. Saving face vast majority of English words from Chinese are ordinary loanwords with regular phonemic adaptation e.
Ho qualified this dichotomy: After realizing that love dominates over societal expectations, Wil rushes to the airport to catch Vivian. John Orr coined the term "invisible exports" to describe how French forme, ouverte, and courir borrowed the sports meanings of English form, open, and run.
The other common way of expressing care about the face, is the indirectenss. Her mother has plans to set her up with a son of a friend. Vivian invites Wil to one of her dance shows and after the show, the two hang out. Chan and Kwok write, The Chinese has supplied a specific "name" for a "thing" embodying qualities not expressed or possibly not fully expressed, by a number of terms in English.
Chinese lose face is an imperceptible English import because it appears to be a predictable semantic extension of face, and not a noticeable foreign borrowing. Wil sees Vivian, who has come to see her mother.
The son of the pharmacist stands up and admits he is the father of the child. The country begins to feel that Government consented to arrangements by which China has lost face; the officials have long been conscious that they are becoming ridiculous in the eyes of the people, seeing that where a foreigner is concerned they can neither enforce a Chinese right, nor redress a Chinese grievance, even on Chinese soil.
In Iranian culture the meaning of linguistic face is much closer to the meaning of "Personality". Among the English words of Chinese originlose face is an uncommon verb phrase and a unique semantic loan translation.
Face, Hsien-chin Hu says, can be borrowed, struggled for, added to, padded, — all terms indicating a gradual increase in volume. For a person to maintain face is important with Chinese social relations because face translates into power and influence and affects goodwill.
The couple goes on several dates, but Wil is afraid of kissing Vivian in public. Set up by Wil, Gao goes on several dates to find a man to father her child but remains uninterested. Wil points out the elderly pharmacist Yu as the father, who protests.
Prestige is not necessary; one can easily live without it, but hardly without "face".save (one's) face To try to regain favorable standing after something embarrassing has happened; to give or afford someone an opportunity to avoid embarrassment, humiliation, or shame.
I tried to offer an explanation Saving face incorporated elements of what he'd said as a means of saving his face after such an awkward presentation.
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